xRDP – Easy install on Ubuntu 16.04,18.04,19.04 & 19.10 (xrdp-installer version 1.1)

Hello World, 

Recently, we have released the latest version of our famous xrdp installation script (i.e. xrdp-installer-1.0.sh).  The latest version of the script is merging and consolidating the standard installation script and the custom installation script.  The xrdp-installer-1.0.sh script is basically replacing any previous versions of the script that has been released so far.  The script has been made available with the release of Ubuntu 19.10.   We have received positive feedback on the script.  However, some minor issues have been detected and we have decided to update already the script and release a new version of the script… 

So, let’s go ! 

Overview

Initially, this script should have been released with the next LTS Ubuntu release (i.e. Ubuntu 20.04).  However, we have decided to release it with Ubuntu 19.10 which offers us the opportunity to detect possible bugs and issues and fix them before the next LTS release.  This seems to be the good strategy as we have indeed detected some minor issues that have been fixed in this version of the script (version 1.1).   

Note : This version of the script is stable but need to still go through some more validation process…..

Script version & Supported Ubuntu Version

The script version will be set to 1.1. So, the xrdp-installer-1.1.sh script will support the following Ubuntu operating system version 

  • Ubuntu 16.04.x 
  • Ubuntu 18.04.x
  • Ubuntu 19.04
  • Ubuntu 19.10 

Prerequisites and assumptions  

The following conditions should be met in order to have the best results while using the script

  • We assume that your machine is connected to internet while performing the installation.  This is needed as additional packages and software needs to be downloaded and installed on your Ubuntu machine
  • The script runs against a supported Operating system (Ubuntu 16.04.x, Ubuntu 18.04.x,Ubuntu 19.04, Ubuntu 19.10)
  • The Official Ubuntu distribution needs to be used (we do not support other Ubuntu flavors – so far !!) 
  • No additional Desktop interface is used ( xRDP session will be showing Ubuntu Gnome Desktop with the Dock menu or Unity if running Ubuntu 16.04)
  • Sound functionality is present on the computers if you sound feature is available as well

The Script 

The script has been modified slightly and try to improve the script usage.   The following modifications have been included in the script 

  • the script is not using hard coded folder ~/Downloads anymore. We are using a variable to detect the Downloads folders on the system.  This ensure that the script could theoretically run on non english configured systems. (Thanks to Olivier for the Suggestion :-))
  • the script check if group membership ssl-cert contains or not the xrdp user.  This action ensure that no warning message is thrown if the user is already member of the group
  • checkinstall run with additional parameters (i.e. package version for xrdp).  This is to avoid that possible ubuntu xrdp updates breaks the custom install performed ((Thanks to Olivier for the detecting the issue :-))
  • additional check that detect if the script has been run more than once on the system. 

Important Note :

If you copy/paste the script, you might encounter some issues because font formatting might be not maintained during the copy/paste operation. Please ensure that format is  accurate before launching the script. A downloadable version of the script is available at the bottom of the post

Disclaimer : As usual, use this at your own risk !!

#!/bin/bash
#####################################################################################################
# Script_Name : xrdp-installer-1.1.sh
# Description : Perform xRDP installation on Ubuntu 16.04,18.04,19.04,19.10 and perform
# additional post configuration to improve end user experience
# Date : November 2019
# written by : Griffon
# WebSite :http://www.c-nergy.be - http://www.c-nergy.be/blog
# Version : 1.1
# History : 1.1 - Tackling multiple run of the script 
#               - Improved checkinstall method/check ssl group memberhsip
#               - Replaced ~/Downloads by a variable 
# : 1.0 - Added remove option + Final optimization 
# : 0.9 - updated compile section to use checkinstall
# : 0.8 - Updated the fix_theme function to add support for Ubuntu 16.04 
# : 0.7 - Updated prereqs function to add support for Ubuntu 16.04
# : 0.6 - Adding logic to detect Ubuntu version for U16.04 
# : 0.5 - Adding env variable Fix 
# : 0.4 - Adding SSL Fix 
# : 0.3 - Adding custom login screen option 
# : 0.2 - Adding new code for passing parameters 
# : 0.1 - Initial Script (merging custom & Std) 
# Disclaimer : Script provided AS IS. Use it at your own risk....
# You can use this script and distribute it as long as credits are kept 
# in place and unchanged 
####################################################################################################

#--------------------------------------------------------------------------#
# -----------------------Function Section - DO NOT MODIFY -----------------#
#--------------------------------------------------------------------------#

############################################################################
# DEFAULT INSTALLATION MODE : STANDARD INSTALLATION 
############################################################################

#---------------------------------------------------#
# Function 1 - check xserver-xorg-core package....
#---------------------------------------------------#

check_hwe()
{
echo
/bin/echo -e "\e[1;33m |-| Detecting xserver-xorg-core package installed \e[0m"
xorgver=$(dpkg-query -W -f ='${Status}\n' xserver-xorg-core | awk {'print $3'})

if [[ "$xorgver" = *not-installed* ]];
then
# - hwe version is installed on the system
/bin/echo -e "\e[1;32m |-| xorg package version: xserver-xorg-core-hwe \e[0m"
HWE="yes"
else
/bin/echo -e "\e[1;32m |-| xorg package version: xserver-xorg-core \e[0m"
HWE="no"
fi
}

#---------------------------------------------------#
# Function 2 - Install xRDP Software....
#---------------------------------------------------#

install_xrdp()
{
echo
/bin/echo -e "\e[1;33m !---------------------------------------------!\e[0m"
/bin/echo -e "\e[1;33m ! Installing XRDP Packages...Proceeding... !\e[0m"
/bin/echo -e "\e[1;33m !---------------------------------------------!\e[0m"
echo
if [[ $HWE = "yes" ]] && [[ "$version" = *"Ubuntu 18.04"* ]];
then
sudo apt-get install xrdp -y
sudo apt-get install xorgxrdp-hwe-18.04
else
sudo apt-get install xrdp -y
fi
}

############################################################################
# ADVANCED INSTALLATION MODE : CUSTOM INSTALLATION
############################################################################

#---------------------------------------------------#
# Function 0 - Install Prereqs...
#---------------------------------------------------#

install_prereqs() {
echo
Release=$(lsb_release -sr)
/bin/echo -e "\e[1;33m !---------------------------------------------!\e[0m"
/bin/echo -e "\e[1;33m ! Installing PreReqs packages..Proceeding. ! \e[0m"
/bin/echo -e "\e[1;33m !---------------------------------------------!\e[0m"
echo
sudo apt-get -y install libx11-dev libxfixes-dev libssl-dev libpam0g-dev libtool libjpeg-dev flex bison gettext autoconf libxml-parser-perl libfuse-dev xsltproc libxrandr-dev python-libxml2 nasm fuse pkg-config git intltool checkinstall
echo
if [ $HWE = "yes" ];
then
# - xorg-hwe-* to be installed
/bin/echo -e "\e[1;32m |-| xorg package version: xserver-xorg-core-hwe-$Release \e[0m"
sudo apt-get install -y xserver-xorg-dev-hwe-$Release xserver-xorg-core-hwe-$Release 
else
#-no-hwe
/bin/echo -e "\e[1;32m |-| xorg package version: xserver-xorg-core \e[0m"
echo
sudo apt-get install -y xserver-xorg-dev xserver-xorg-core
fi
}

#---------------------------------------------------#
# Function 1 - Download XRDP Binaries... 
#---------------------------------------------------#
get_binaries() { 
echo
/bin/echo -e "\e[1;33m !---------------------------------------------!\e[0m"
/bin/echo -e "\e[1;33m ! Download xRDP Binaries.......Proceeding. ! \e[0m"
/bin/echo -e "\e[1;33m !---------------------------------------------!\e[0m"
echo

#cd ~/Downloads
Dwnload=$(xdg-user-dir DOWNLOAD)
cd $Dwnload


## -- Download the xrdp latest files
echo
/bin/echo -e "\e[1;32m !---------------------------------------------!\e[0m"
/bin/echo -e "\e[1;32m ! Preparing download xrdp package !\e[0m"
/bin/echo -e "\e[1;32m !---------------------------------------------!\e[0m"
echo
git clone https://github.com/neutrinolabs/xrdp.git
echo
/bin/echo -e "\e[1;32m !---------------------------------------------!\e[0m"
/bin/echo -e "\e[1;32m ! Preparing download xorgxrdp package !\e[0m"
/bin/echo -e "\e[1;32m !---------------------------------------------!\e[0m"
echo
git clone https://github.com/neutrinolabs/xorgxrdp.git
}

#---------------------------------------------------#
# Function 2 - compiling xrdp... 
#---------------------------------------------------#
compile_source() { 
echo
/bin/echo -e "\e[1;33m !---------------------------------------------!\e[0m"
/bin/echo -e "\e[1;33m ! Compile xRDP packages .......Proceeding. ! \e[0m"
/bin/echo -e "\e[1;33m !---------------------------------------------!\e[0m"
echo

#cd ~/Downloads/xrdp
cd $Dwnload/xrdp

sudo ./bootstrap
sudo ./configure --enable-fuse --enable-jpeg --enable-rfxcodec
sudo make

#-- check if no error during compilation 
if [ $? -eq 0 ]
then 
/bin/echo -e "\e[1;33m |-| Make Operation Completed successfully \e[0m"
else 
echo
echo
/bin/echo -e "\e[1;31m !---------------------------------------------!\e[0m"
/bin/echo -e "\e[1;31m ! Error while Executing make !\e[0m"
/bin/echo -e "\e[1;31m ! The Script is exiting.... !\e[0m"
/bin/echo -e "\e[1;31m !---------------------------------------------!\e[0m"
exit
fi
sudo checkinstall --pkgname=xrdp --pkgversion=0.9.11 --pkgrelease=1 --default

#xorgxrdp package compilation
echo
/bin/echo -e "\e[1;33m !---------------------------------------------!\e[0m"
/bin/echo -e "\e[1;33m ! Compile xorgxrdp packages....Proceeding. ! \e[0m"
/bin/echo -e "\e[1;33m !---------------------------------------------!\e[0m"
echo

#cd ~/Downloads/xorgxrdp 
cd $Dwnload/xorgxrdp

sudo ./bootstrap 
sudo ./configure 
sudo make

# check if no error during compilation 
if [ $? -eq 0 ]
then 
echo
/bin/echo -e "\e[1;33m |-| Make Operation Completed successfully \e[0m"
echo
else 
echo
/bin/echo -e "\e[1;31m !---------------------------------------------!\e[0m"
/bin/echo -e "\e[1;31m ! Error while Executing make !\e[0m"
/bin/echo -e "\e[1;31m ! The Script is exiting.... !\e[0m"
/bin/echo -e "\e[1;31m !---------------------------------------------!\e[0m"
exit
fi
sudo checkinstall --pkgname=xorgxrdp --pkgversion=0.2.11 --pkgrelease=1 --default
}

#---------------------------------------------------#
# Function 3 - create services .... 
#---------------------------------------------------# 
enable_service() {
echo
/bin/echo -e "\e[1;33m !---------------------------------------------!\e[0m"
/bin/echo -e "\e[1;33m ! Creating xRDP services.......Proceeding. ! \e[0m"
/bin/echo -e "\e[1;33m !---------------------------------------------!\e[0m"
echo 
sudo systemctl daemon-reload
sudo systemctl enable xrdp.service
sudo systemctl enable xrdp-sesman.service
sudo systemctl start xrdp

}

############################################################################
# COMMON FUNCTIONS - WHATEVER INSTALLATION MODE 
############################################################################

#---------------------------------------------------#
# Function 0 - Install Gnome Tweak Tool.... 
#---------------------------------------------------#
install_tweak() 
{
echo
/bin/echo -e "\e[1;33m !---------------------------------------------!\e[0m"
/bin/echo -e "\e[1;33m ! Installing Gnome Tweak...Proceeding... !\e[0m"
/bin/echo -e "\e[1;33m !---------------------------------------------!\e[0m"
echo
sudo apt-get install gnome-tweak-tool -y
}

#--------------------------------------------------------------------#
# Fucntion 1 - Allow console Access ....(seems optional in u18.04)
#--------------------------------------------------------------------#
allow_console() 
{
echo
/bin/echo -e "\e[1;33m !---------------------------------------------!\e[0m"
/bin/echo -e "\e[1;33m ! Granting Console Access...Proceeding... !\e[0m"
/bin/echo -e "\e[1;33m !---------------------------------------------!\e[0m"
echo
sudo sed -i 's/allowed_users=console/allowed_users=anybody/' /etc/X11/Xwrapper.config
}

#---------------------------------------------------#
# Function 2 - create policies exceptions .... 
#---------------------------------------------------#
create_polkit()
{
echo
/bin/echo -e "\e[1;33m !---------------------------------------------!\e[0m"
/bin/echo -e "\e[1;33m ! Creating Polkit File...Proceeding... !\e[0m"
/bin/echo -e "\e[1;33m !---------------------------------------------!\e[0m"
echo

#All Ubuntu version
sudo bash -c "cat >/etc/polkit-1/localauthority/50-local.d/45-allow.colord.pkla" <<EOF
[Allow Colord all Users]
Identity=unix-user:*
Action=org.freedesktop.color-manager.create-device;org.freedesktop.color-manager.create-profile;org.freedesktop.color-manager.delete-device;org.freedesktop.color-manager.delete-profile;org.freedesktop.color-manager.modify-device;org.freedesktop.color-manager.modify-profile
ResultAny=no
ResultInactive=no
ResultActive=yes
EOF

#Specific Versions
if [[ "$version" = *"Ubuntu 19.04"* ]] || [[ "$version" = *"Ubuntu 19.10"* ]] ;
then
sudo bash -c "cat >/etc/polkit-1/localauthority/50-local.d/46-allow-update-repo.pkla" <<EOF
[Allow Package Management all Users]
Identity=unix-user:*
Action=org.freedesktop.packagekit.system-sources-refresh
ResultAny=yes
ResultInactive=yes
ResultActive=yes
EOF
fi
}

#---------------------------------------------------#
# Function 3 - Fixing Theme and Extensions .... 
#---------------------------------------------------#
fix_theme()
{
echo
/bin/echo -e "\e[1;33m !---------------------------------------------!\e[0m"
/bin/echo -e "\e[1;33m ! Fix Theme and extensions...Proceeding... !\e[0m"
/bin/echo -e "\e[1;33m !---------------------------------------------!\e[0m"

# Checking if script has run already 
if [ -f /etc/xrdp/startwm.sh.griffon ]
then
sudo rm /etc/xrdp/startwm.sh
sudo mv /etc/xrdp/startwm.sh.griffon /etc/xrdp/startwm.sh
fi

#Backup the file before modifying it
sudo cp /etc/xrdp/startwm.sh /etc/xrdp/startwm.sh.griffon

if [[ "$version" = *"Ubuntu 16.04"* ]];
then
echo
sudo sed -i "/# auth /a cat >~/.xsession << EOF\n#Unity Xrdp multi-users \n/usr/lib/gnome-session/gnome-session-binary --session=ubuntu &\n/usr/lib/x86_64-linux-gnu/unity/unity-panel-service &\n/usr/lib/unity-settings-daemon/unity-settings-daemon &\nfor indicator in /usr/lib/x86_64-linux-gnu/indicator-*;\ndo\nbasename='basename \\\\\${indicator}'\ndirname='dirname \\\\\${indicator}'\nservice=\\\\\${dirname}/\\\\\${basename}/\\\\\${basename}-service\n\\\\\${service} &\ndone\nunity\nEOF" /etc/xrdp/startwm.sh
echo
else 
echo
sudo sed -i "4 a #Improved Look n Feel Method\ncat <<EOF > ~/.xsessionrc\nexport GNOME_SHELL_SESSION_MODE=ubuntu\nexport XDG_CURRENT_DESKTOP=ubuntu:GNOME\nexport XDG_CONFIG_DIRS=/etc/xdg/xdg-ubuntu:/etc/xdg\nEOF\n" /etc/xrdp/startwm.sh
echo
fi
}

#---------------------------------------------------#
# Function 4 - Enable Sound Redirection .... 
#---------------------------------------------------#
enable_sound()
{
echo
/bin/echo -e "\e[1;33m !---------------------------------------------!\e[0m"
/bin/echo -e "\e[1;33m ! Enabling Sound Redirection... !\e[0m"
/bin/echo -e "\e[1;33m !---------------------------------------------!\e[0m"
echo

# Step 1 - Enable Source Code Repository
sudo apt-add-repository -s 'deb http://be.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ '$codename' main restricted'
sudo apt-add-repository -s 'deb http://be.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ '$codename' restricted universe main multiverse'
sudo apt-add-repository -s 'deb http://be.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ '$codename'-updates restricted universe main multiverse'
sudo apt-add-repository -s 'deb http://be.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ '$codename'-backports main restricted universe multiverse'
sudo apt-add-repository -s 'deb http://be.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ '$codename'-security main restricted universe main multiverse'
sudo apt-get update

# Step 2 - Install Some PreReqs
sudo apt-get install git libpulse-dev autoconf m4 intltool build-essential dpkg-dev libtool libsndfile-dev libcap-dev -y
sudo apt build-dep pulseaudio -y

# Step 3 - Download pulseaudio source in /tmp directory - Do not forget to enable source repositories
cd /tmp
sudo apt source pulseaudio

# Step 4 - Compile
pulsever=$(pulseaudio --version | awk '{print $2}')
cd /tmp/pulseaudio-$pulsever
sudo ./configure

# step 5 - Create xrdp sound modules
sudo git clone https://github.com/neutrinolabs/pulseaudio-module-xrdp.git
cd pulseaudio-module-xrdp
sudo ./bootstrap 
sudo ./configure PULSE_DIR="/tmp/pulseaudio-$pulsever"
sudo make

#Step 6 copy files to correct location (as defined in /etc/xrdp/pulse/default.pa)
cd /tmp/pulseaudio-$pulsever/pulseaudio-module-xrdp/src/.libs
sudo install -t "/var/lib/xrdp-pulseaudio-installer" -D -m 644 *.so
sudo install -t "/usr/lib/pulse-$pulsever/modules" -D -m 644 *.so
echo

}

#---------------------------------------------------#
# Function 5 - Custom xRDP Login Screen .... 
#---------------------------------------------------#
custom_login()
{
echo 
/bin/echo -e "\e[1;33m !---------------------------------------------!\e[0m" 
/bin/echo -e "\e[1;33m ! Customizing xRDP login screen !\e[0m" 
/bin/echo -e "\e[1;33m !---------------------------------------------!\e[0m" 
echo

#cd ~/Downloads
cd $Dwnload
wget http://www.c-nergy.be/downloads/griffon_logo_xrdp.bmp

#Check if script has run once...
if [ -f /etc/xrdp/xrdp.ini.griffon ]
then
sudo rm /etc/xrdp/xrdp.ini
sudo mv /etc/xrdp/xrdp.ini.griffon /etc/xrdp/xrdp.ini
fi

#Backup file 
sudo cp /etc/xrdp/xrdp.ini /etc/xrdp/xrdp.ini.griffon

if [[ "$adv" = "yes" ]] || [[ "$version" = *"Ubuntu 16.04"* ]];
then
sudo cp griffon_logo_xrdp.bmp /usr/local/share/xrdp
sudo sed -i 's/ls_logo_filename=/ls_logo_filename=\/usr\/local\/share\/xrdp\/griffon_logo_xrdp.bmp/g' /etc/xrdp/xrdp.ini
else
sudo cp griffon_logo_xrdp.bmp /usr/share/xrdp
sudo sed -i 's/ls_logo_filename=/ls_logo_filename=\/usr\/share\/xrdp\/griffon_logo_xrdp.bmp/g' /etc/xrdp/xrdp.ini
fi

sudo sed -i 's/blue=009cb5/blue=dedede/' /etc/xrdp/xrdp.ini
sudo sed -i 's/#white=ffffff/white=dedede/' /etc/xrdp/xrdp.ini
sudo sed -i 's/#ls_title=My Login Title/ls_title=Remote Desktop for Linux/' /etc/xrdp/xrdp.ini
sudo sed -i 's/ls_top_window_bg_color=009cb5/ls_top_window_bg_color=2c001e/' /etc/xrdp/xrdp.ini
sudo sed -i 's/ls_bg_color=dedede/ls_bg_color=ffffff/' /etc/xrdp/xrdp.ini
sudo sed -i 's/ls_logo_x_pos=55/ls_logo_x_pos=0/' /etc/xrdp/xrdp.ini
sudo sed -i 's/ls_logo_y_pos=50/ls_logo_y_pos=5/' /etc/xrdp/xrdp.ini
}

#---------------------------------------------------#
# Function 6 - Fix SSL Minor Issue .... 
#---------------------------------------------------#
fix_ssl() 
{ 
echo 
/bin/echo -e "\e[1;33m !---------------------------------------------!\e[0m" 
/bin/echo -e "\e[1;33m ! Fixing SSL Cert Issue ... !\e[0m" 
/bin/echo -e "\e[1;33m !---------------------------------------------!\e[0m" 
echo 
if [[ "id -Gn xrdp | grep ssl-cert" ]]
then 
/bin/echo -e "\e[1;32m !--xrdp already member ssl-cert...Skipping ---!\e[0m" 
else
sudo adduser xrdp ssl-cert 
fi
}

#---------------------------------------------------#
# Function 7 - Fixing env variables in XRDP .... 
#---------------------------------------------------#
fix_env()
{
#Add this line to /etc/pam.d/xrdp-sesman if not present
if grep -Fxq "session required pam_env.so readenv=1 user_readenv=0" /etc/pam.d/xrdp-sesman 
then
echo "Env settings already set"
else
sudo sed -i '1 a session required pam_env.so readenv=1 user_readenv=0' /etc/pam.d/xrdp-sesman
fi
}

#---------------------------------------------------#
# Function 8 - Removing XRDP Packages .... 
#---------------------------------------------------#
remove_xrdp()
{
echo 
/bin/echo -e "\e[1;33m !---------------------------------------------!\e[0m" 
/bin/echo -e "\e[1;33m ! Removing xRDP Packages... !\e[0m" 
/bin/echo -e "\e[1;33m !---------------------------------------------!\e[0m" 
echo 
#remove xrdp package
sudo systemctl stop xrdp
sudo systemctl disable xrdp
sudo apt-get autoremove xrdp -y
sudo apt-get purge xrdp -y
#remove xorgxrdp
sudo systemctl stop xorgxrdp
sudo systemctl disable xorgxrdp 
sudo apt-get autoremove xorgxrdp -y 
sudo apt-get purge xorgxrdp -y
}

sh_credits()
{
echo
/bin/echo -e "\e[1;36m !----------------------------------------------------------------!\e[0m"
/bin/echo -e "\e[1;36m ! Installation Completed...Please test your xRDP configuration !\e[0m" 
/bin/echo -e "\e[1;36m ! If Sound option selected, shutdown your machine completely !\e[0m"
/bin/echo -e "\e[1;36m ! start it again to have sound working as expected !\e[0m"
/bin/echo -e "\e[1;36m ! !\e[0m"
/bin/echo -e "\e[1;36m ! Credits : Written by Griffon - November 2019 !\e[0m"
/bin/echo -e "\e[1;36m ! www.c-nergy.be -xrdp-installer-v1.1.sh - ver 1.1 !\e[0m"
/bin/echo -e "\e[1;36m !----------------------------------------------------------------!\e[0m"
echo
}

#---------------------------------------------------#
# SECTION FOR OPTIMIZING CODE USAGE... #
#---------------------------------------------------#

install_common()
{
allow_console
create_polkit
fix_theme
fix_ssl
fix_env
}

install_custom()
{
install_prereqs
get_binaries
compile_source
enable_service

}

#--------------------------------------------------------------------------#
# -----------------------END Function Section -----------------#
#--------------------------------------------------------------------------#

#--------------------------------------------------------------------------#
#------------ MAIN SCRIPT SECTION -------------------# 
#--------------------------------------------------------------------------#

#---------------------------------------------------#
# Script Version information Displayed #
#---------------------------------------------------#

echo
/bin/echo -e "\e[1;36m !-------------------------------------------------------------!\e[0m"
/bin/echo -e "\e[1;36m ! xrdp-installer-1.1 Script !\e[0m"
/bin/echo -e "\e[1;36m ! Support U16.04/18.04/19.04/19.10 !\e[0m"
/bin/echo -e "\e[1;36m ! Written by Griffon - November 2019 - www.c-nergy.be !\e[0m"
/bin/echo -e "\e[1;36m ! !\e[0m"
/bin/echo -e "\e[1;36m ! For Help and Syntax, type ./xrdp-installer-1.1.sh -h !\e[0m"
/bin/echo -e "\e[1;36m ! !\e[0m"
/bin/echo -e "\e[1;36m !-------------------------------------------------------------!\e[0m"
echo

#----------------------------------------------------------#
# Step 0 -Detecting if Parameters passed to script .... #
#----------------------------------------------------------#
for arg in "$@"
do
#Help Menu Requested
if [ "$arg" == "--help" ] || [ "$arg" == "-h" ]
then
echo "Usage Syntax and Examples"
echo
echo " --custom or -c custom xRDP install (compilation from sources)"
echo " --loginscreen or -l customize xRDP login screen"
echo " --remove or -r removing xRDP packages"
echo " --sound or -s enable sound redirection in xRDP"
echo
echo "example "
echo 
echo " ./xrdp-installer-1.0.sh -c -s custom install with sound redirection"
echo " ./xrdp-installer-1.0.sh -l standard install with custom login screen"
echo " ./xrdp-installer-1.0.sh standard install no additional features"
echo
exit
fi

if [ "$arg" == "--sound" ] || [ "$arg" == "-s" ]
then
fixSound="yes" 
fi

if [ "$arg" == "--loginscreen" ] || [ "$arg" == "-l" ]
then
fixlogin="yes"
fi

if [ "$arg" == "--custom" ] || [ "$arg" == "-c" ]
then
adv="yes" 
fi

if [ "$arg" == "--remove" ] || [ "$arg" == "-r" ]
then
removal="yes" 
fi
done

#--------------------------------------------------------------------------------#
#-- Step 0 - Check that the script is run as normal user and not as root....
#-------------------------------------------------------------------------------#

if [[ $EUID -ne 0 ]]; then
/bin/echo -e "\e[1;36m !-------------------------------------------------------------!\e[0m"
/bin/echo -e "\e[1;36m ! Standard user detected....Proceeding.... !\e[0m"
/bin/echo -e "\e[1;36m !-------------------------------------------------------------!\e[0m"
else
echo
/bin/echo -e "\e[1;31m !-------------------------------------------------------------!\e[0m"
/bin/echo -e "\e[1;31m ! Script running with admin priveleges. The script should be !\e[0m"
/bin/echo -e "\e[1;31m ! run under a standard user account. sudo privileges will be !\e[0m"
/bin/echo -e "\e[1;31m ! prompted during execution !\e[0m"
/bin/echo -e "\e[1;31m !-------------------------------------------------------------!\e[0m"
echo
sh_credits
exit
fi

#-----------------------------------------------------------------------
#Step 2 - checking for additional Settings - xorg-xserver-core version
#----------------------------------------------------------------------

check_hwe

#---------------------------------------------------#
#-- Step 1 - Try to Detect Ubuntu Version....
#---------------------------------------------------#

version=$(lsb_release -sd)
codename=$(lsb_release -sc)

echo
/bin/echo -e "\e[1;33m |-| Detecting Ubuntu version \e[0m"
if [[ "$version" = *"Ubuntu 16.04"* ]];
then
/bin/echo -e "\e[1;32m |-| Ubuntu Version : $version\e[0m"
echo
elif [[ "$version" = *"Ubuntu 18.04"* ]];
then
/bin/echo -e "\e[1;32m |-| Ubuntu Version : $version\e[0m"
echo
elif [[ "$version" = *"Ubuntu 19.04"* ]];
then
/bin/echo -e "\e[1;32m |-| Ubuntu Version : $version\e[0m"
echo
elif [[ "$version" = *"Ubuntu 19.10"* ]];
then
/bin/echo -e "\e[1;32m |-| Ubuntu Version : $version\e[0m"
echo
else
/bin/echo -e "\e[1;31m !--------------------------------------------------------------!\e[0m"
/bin/echo -e "\e[1;31m ! Your system is not running a supported version !\e[0m"
/bin/echo -e "\e[1;31m ! The script has been tested only on the following versions !\e[0m"
/bin/echo -e "\e[1;31m ! U16.04.x/18.04.x/19.04.x/19.10 !\e[0m"
/bin/echo -e "\e[1;31m ! The script is exiting... !\e[0m" 
/bin/echo -e "\e[1;31m !--------------------------------------------------------------!\e[0m"
echo
exit
fi

#--------------------------------------------------------------------------------#
#-- Step 3 - Check if Removal Option Selected
#--------------------------------------------------------------------------------#

if [ "$removal" = "yes" ];
then
remove_xrdp
echo
sh_credits
exit
fi

#---------------------------------------------------------#
# Step 3 - Executing the installation & config tasks .... #
#---------------------------------------------------------#

#-------------------------------------------------------------------
#- If Ubuntu 16.04 detected, we always perform a custom installation
#-------------------------------------------------------------------

#Check if script has run once...
if [ -f /etc/xrdp/xrdp-installer-check.log ]
then
echo
/bin/echo -e "\e[1;36m !----------------------------------------------------------------!\e[0m"
/bin/echo -e "\e[1;36m ! INFO : xrdp-install script ran at least once on this computer. !\e[0m" 
/bin/echo -e "\e[1;36m !----------------------------------------------------------------!\e[0m"
else
if [[ "$version" = *"Ubuntu 16.04"* ]];
then
echo
/bin/echo -e "\e[1;36m !-------------------------------------------------------------!\e[0m"
/bin/echo -e "\e[1;36m ! Custom Installation for Ubuntu 16.04.x !\e[0m"
/bin/echo -e "\e[1;36m !-------------------------------------------------------------!\e[0m"
echo
install_custom
install_common
fi

#---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
#- If custom option detected, additional check for U16.04 so skipped
#----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

if [[ "$version" != *"Ubuntu 16.04"* ]];
then
if [ "$adv" = "yes" ];
then
echo
/bin/echo -e "\e[1;36m !-------------------------------------------------------------!\e[0m"
/bin/echo -e "\e[1;36m ! Custom Installation Option Selected..... !\e[0m"
/bin/echo -e "\e[1;36m !-------------------------------------------------------------!\e[0m"
echo
install_custom
install_tweak
install_common
else
echo
/bin/echo -e "\e[1;36m !-------------------------------------------------------------!\e[0m"
/bin/echo -e "\e[1;36m ! Standard Installation Mode Selected - U18.04 and later !\e[0m"
/bin/echo -e "\e[1;36m !-------------------------------------------------------------!\e[0m"
echo
install_xrdp
install_tweak
install_common

fi #end if Adv option
fi # end if version check not like U16.04
fi # End check if file exists
#---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
#- Check for Additional Options selected 
#----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

if [ "$fixSound" = "yes" ]; 
then 
enable_sound 
fi

if [ "$fixlogin" = "yes" ]; 
then
echo
custom_login
fi

#-----------------------------------------------------------------------
# Create Check fil to see if script has run at least once...
#----------------------------------------------------------------------
#Create the log file 
sudo touch /etc/xrdp/xrdp-installer-check.log

#---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
#- show Credits and finishing script
#---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

sh_credits 


How to Use the Script

The xrdp-installer-1.1 script will work in a similar way as the previous versions.  First, we will need to set the execute permission on the script.  Then, you will need to choose between standard and custom installation.  Finally, you would need to decide if additional options would be enabled or not…   So, let’s see how this would be working…. 

Step 1 – Set Execute Right on the script

Download the xrdp-installer-1.1.sh script to your system, extract content and mark it as executable . To do this, perform the following action in a terminal console

chmod +x  ~/Downloads/xrdp-installer-1.1.sh

Note : Adjust the path where the xrdp-Installer-1.1.sh script to reflect your environment

Step 2 – Run as normal user 

The script needs to be run as a normal user.  The script will start running and will prompt you for password when sudo actions are initiated.  If you run the script as root or using sudo command, the Download folder does not exist for the root user and the script fails to run as expected.   To overcome this situation, the script also check which user is executing the script. If the script is run under sudo or root accounts, a warning message will be displayed and the script will not execute

Step 3 – Switches and parameters 

The xrdp-installer-1.1.sh script can be executed as is (with no parameters or switches). This will perform a standard (and basic) installation of xRDP.  No sound or custom xrdp login script will be made available.  However, remote desktop, drive redirection and clipboard redirection would be available with this installation mode.  

The xrdp-installer-1.1.sh script accept also some additional parameters that will help customize the xrdp installation and enable additional features.  The script provides the following parameters 

--help or -h          => will display a basic help menu
--sound or -s         => will enable sound redirection 
--loginscreen or -l   => will customize the xRDP login screen 
--remove or -r        => will remove the xrdp package 
--custom or -c        => will perform a custom installation (i.e. compiled from sources)

Step 4 – Perform xRDP installation using the script 

The following sections will provide some examples and scenario on how you can use the script….. 

Standard Installation – No Parameter

As mentioned above, you can decide to use the default xrdp package available in the Ubuntu repository and perform a basic installation which will provide you remote desktop capability and will also customize the remote sesssion.  The script will ensure that the same look n’ feel will be maintained when the user logs on locally or remotely. 

To perform a standard installation, you execute the script with no parameters.  Open a Terminal console, browse to the location where the script has been downloaded and issue the following command 

 ./xrdp-installer-1.1.sh

When the xrdp installation package will start, you be requested to enter your password. Provide the password and proceed with the installation. Wait for completion of the script.  The machine will not reboot automatically when done so you can review the actions performed by the script….

Important Notes

If you are running the script on Ubuntu 16.04.x, the custom installation will always be performed even if you have not specified any parameters.  This is because Ubuntu 16.04.x ships with a really old xrdp package (version 0.6) and does not provides all needed features. The custom installation provide drive redirection,clipboard and access to Unity Desktop

Standard Installation with Parameters

The script can be used to perform a standard installation and still passes some parameters to get the most of the xRDP packages and their features.  For all the Ubuntu versions, we could use the following combination of parameters 

./xrdp-installer-1.1.sh -s      (this would enable the sound redirection) 
./xrdp-installer-1.1.sh -l      (this would customize the xrdp login screen -see here)

Obviously, you can combine the switches (any order) to have more features enabled  

./xrdp-installer-1.1.sh -s -l      (this would enable the sound redirection and customize the xrdp login screen)

Important Notes

The script can be run multiple times on the same machine.  If you have run initially the script with no parameters but you decide afterward to enable additional features, the script can be re-executed and the additional features will be enabled.  

Custom Installation – Default Installation 

Custom installation script is really flexible and help avoiding issues like we have encountered in Ubuntu 18.04.x (see here,here and here).  Custom installation means that the script will compile the xrdp package from the source binaries. The custom installation script always uses the latest xrdp package version available 

To perform a custom installation, you will need at minimum to pass one parameter.  The following command line shows you how to perform a custom installation  

./xrdp-installer-1.1.sh -c     (this would perform a custom installation but will not enabled adv features like sound redirection or custom login screen)

Important Notes

If you are running the script on Ubuntu 16.04.x, the -c switch will be ignored and a custom installation process will be performed. This is because Ubuntu 16.04.x ships with a really old xrdp package (version 0.6) and does not provides all needed features. The custom installation provide drive redirection,clipboard and access to Unity Desktop

Custom Installation – Additional Options  

If a user wants to enable additional features, you will pass some additional parameters as shown in the following examples 

./xrdp-installer-1.1.sh -c -s     (this would perform a custom install and enable sound redirection)
./xrdp-installer-1.1.sh -c -l     (this would perform a custom install and customize xrdp login screen)
./xrdp-installer-1.1.sh -c -l -s  (this would perform a custom install, enable sound and customize login screen)

Important Notes

The script can be run multiple times on the same machine.  If you have run initially the script with no parameters but you decide afterward to enable additional features, the script can be re-executed and the additional features will be enabled.  

Remove Installation option

This version of the script also ship with the option to remove xRDP package.  The removal option should be only used  if you have uses this version of the script to perform the installation.  To remove the xrdp package, you would simply execute the following command  

./xrdp-installer-1.1.sh -r     (to remove the xrdp packages)

Step 5 – Test your configuration 

After the script has run and after the reboot/shutdown and start process, it’s time to test and see if you can indeed perform a smooth remote connection to your Ubuntu machine.  Remember that a user can either be logged on locally or logged on remotely on the machine when working with xRDP solution.  If the user, performing the remote connection, is logged into the system locally the remote connection will start but will be terminated immediately.  This is the way it works nowadays. 

So, ensure that the user performing the test is not locally logged on, start your favorite remote desktop client and perform your connection.  Based on your options, you will be presented either with the green xrdp login screen or with the custom login screen (purple background). Simply enter your credentials and start testing your installation.  If everything is ok, you will see a similar Desktop interface where Gnome Desktop is used and the Dock is visible. 

Known issues and limitations 

Known Issues 

Sound redirection Issue

If the Sound redirection option has been selected, rebooting the Ubuntu system is not enough and the sound redirection might not work.  if the sound redirection option has been selected, you will have to shutdown your Ubuntu machine and then start it again in order to ensure that the sound redirection feature would work as expected. 

Sound redirection is not working as expected on Ubuntu 19.10.  The modules are created and copied to the correct location. However, the xrdp sink modules are never loaded in the remote session or randomly loaded in the remote session.   To fix this, you simply need to execute the following command within your remote session and the sound will start working 

pulseaudio -k

For Detailed information, see post below

xRDP – Sound not always working on Ubuntu 19.10 – Quick Fix

Limitations

One session per user limitation

Only one session is allowed per user.  This means that if a user is logged on locally on the Ubuntu machine, the user will not be able to perform a remote session (the xRDP connection will initiate but will end up immediately).  If a user is logged on remotely on the system, it will not be able to login locally (if the user tries to login locally, the login screen will loop and the login screen will be presented again to the user) 

Switch between standard and Custom install

This version of the script can be run multiple times on the same machine.  However, because of this new behavior, you cannot perform a standard installation and then decide to perform the custom installation.  Once you have selected your installation mode, you will have to stick to it.  This is kind of checked by the script.  

So, if you have performed a standard installation but afterwards you might want to use the custom installation option, the script will ignore the request.  If you want to move from standard install mode to custom mode (or vice versa), the correct process is 

  • remove xrdp (using the xrdp-installer-1.1.sh -r option) 
  • perform a new installation using your selected installation mode (standard or custom install mode) 

Download the Script 

The script can be download at this location  :    xrdp-installer-1.1.zip 

Note : All the xrdp scripts can be found at https://www.c-nergy.be/products.html

Final Notes

This is it for this post ! 

Please if you have time or want to help us in creating the best xrdp installer script, download the script and provide constructive feedback.  If you find a bug or an issue with the script, let us know as well so we can try to fix it.   

Till next time 

See ya

6 thoughts on “xRDP – Easy install on Ubuntu 16.04,18.04,19.04 & 19.10 (xrdp-installer version 1.1)

  1. after installing the script i get the following message when trying to logon;
    xrdp session: Login failed for display 0

    I am running Ubuntu desktop 19:10 and used the custom script

  2. I ran the script in custom mode, after the restart i tried logging in from a different machine and received the message XRDP sending login failed for display 0

    I then login the machine to check if the service was running and got the following message
    I then checked that the service was running
    Loaded: loaded (/lib/systemd/system/xrdp.service; enabled; vendor preset: enabled)
    Active: active (running) since Fri 2019-11-15 18:19:53 +04; 49s ago
    Docs: man:xrdp(8)
    man:xrdp.ini(5)
    Process: 1096 ExecStartPre=/bin/sh /usr/share/xrdp/socksetup (code=exited, status=0/SUCCESS)
    Process: 1109 ExecStart=/usr/sbin/xrdp $XRDP_OPTIONS (code=exited, status=0/SUCCESS)
    Main PID: 1113 (xrdp)
    Tasks: 1 (limit: 4915)
    Memory: 3.6M
    CGroup: /system.slice/xrdp.service
    └─1113 /usr/sbin/xrdp
    Most importantly I also saw this message;
    Starting xrdp daemon…
    Testing if xrdp can listen on 0.0.0.0 port 3389.
    Closed socket 7 (AF_INET6 :: port 3389)
    xrdp.service: Can’t open PID file /run/xrdp/xrdp.pid (yet?) after start: No such file or directory
    Started xrdp daemon.
    1113)(140386815317824)[INFO ] starting xrdp with pid 1113
    (1113)(140386815317824)[INFO ] listening to port 3389 on 0.0.0.0
    This message in particular is the main concern
    xrdp.service: Can’t open PID file /run/xrdp/xrdp.pid (yet?) after start: No such file or directory

  3. Tried several times on a fresh install of ubuntu 18.04 — script said it was running, gave the red text block about sudo, then said it was completed. It didnt do anything though.

  4. @Robert,

    Have you read the red text block ?…. My guess (I’m might be wrong)…. you are trying to run the script using the sudo command… (i.e. sudo ./xrdp-installer-1.1.sh ).. This will not work….
    You have to run the script as a standard user meaning no sudo (i.e. ./xrdp-installer-1.1.sh ). When admin rights will be needed (i.e. sudo usage), you will be prompted for password and then it will go through….

    Hope this help
    Till next time
    See ya

  5. @Donald Thomas,

    This is too generic info to provide help….
    We need to get access to more details… can you check the logs on your system… Have a look at /var/log/xrdp.log and /var/log/xrdp-sesman.log
    You might also need to check the ~/.xsession-errors log file

    Can you provide a full screenshot of the xRDP login screen failing… Login failed for Display O…. this could be that you have typed a wrong password…for example…

    Hope this help
    Till next time
    See ya

  6. @Dom,

    This is an expected error… The service is actually running fine. You just demonstrated using the systemctl status command. The other way you demonstrated the fact that the service is working correctly is by performing a remote desktop connection and you have received the xrdp login screen….so, service is running….

    Again, we need to have more information about your setup, dig the logs for xrdp and ensure that you have typed the correct password (as a first idea that comes to our mind)… check that the keyboard layout is the expected one….
    Provide full details about the error you are getting on the xrdp login screen…

    Hope this help
    Till next time
    See ya

Leave a Reply